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There are about 285 million people who experience vision loss and blindness worldwide. Most start to experience vision loss as they grow old, that’s because our eyes also age. Vision loss or blindness is more common in the older population.

The two most common eye disorders are cataract and glaucoma. Cataract is the clouding of the lens in the eye. Aging is the most common cause of cataract. Though cataracts develop slowly, it will eventually obstruct your eye sight in the long run. Glaucoma on the other hand, is a group of eye conditions. The cause of vision loss is due to optic nerve damage. The optic nerve is responsible for transmitting the images seen by the eyes to the brain. Another cause of glaucoma is an increase pressure within the eye (intraocular pressure). Loss of vision due to glaucoma is irreversible.

There have been a lot of new diagnostics and treatments developed for eye conditions and new discoveries are still on the process of development. There are also a lot of steps and procedures that can help prevent vision loss.


Many eye conditions have no early symptoms. You feel normal until the disease has advanced and it’s already affecting your vision. Regular eye Check-up could help prevent any eye condition. Early diagnosis is also important to delay or stop further loss of vision.

Treatment for eye conditions can start as early as attending your routine eye examinations. But, in any case that you cannot have your regular exams and you start to experience some symptoms, treatments are given to aid you with the impairments brought about by an eye disease. Treatment for the advanced stage of eye conditions is treated surgically. Surgery is performed when vision is already affected that it interferes with your normal activities.


The type of treatment a patient will receive depends on what eye condition he/she has. However, the most effective treatment for any eye disease is surgery.

For early cataract symptoms, eyeglasses, anti-glare sunglasses and stronger lighting can help. But, if the symptoms become worse, cataract surgery is needed. Cataract surgery is performed by removing the lens of the eye and replacing it with a new one (artificial lens). The artificial lens (also known as intraocular lens) becomes a permanent part of the eye and it could either be monovision or multifocal. The surgery is done with local anesthesia. Cataract surgery is done on an outpatient basis. It is safe and effective. Most patients who undergo cataract surgery have an improved quality of life.

Treatments for glaucoma mainly focus on controlling the disease by lowering the intraocular pressure. The goal of treatment is to prevent loss of vision. Treatments for glaucoma include eye drops, surgery (laser or traditional) or a combination of these methods. Alternative surgical procedures are also performed to treat glaucoma. These include trabectome and canaloplasty. The type of surgery depends on the severity of glaucoma.

The latest surgical approach developed and is now being used by ophthalmologists is the Femto-Lasik laser surgery. It is intended for those people who can’t see without contact lenses or eyeglasses. The Femto-LASIK is safer (blade free) and more accurate and the recovery period is faster.


  • Prevents permanent loss of vision
  • Increases blood circulation in the eye
  • Reduced intraocular pressure
  • Improved vision
  • No more contact lenses or eyeglasses


Every day, advances are being made in the diagnosis and treatment of the different eye conditions. And in Germany, experienced and expert doctors use the latest technology and prefer the best treatment available.

Germany’s eye clinics and specialized hospitals have a wide range of treatment options including ReLex smile (most recent laser eye procedure), Femto-LASIK, laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), implantable contact lens (ICL), refractive lens exchanges, multifocal IOLs, photo refractive keratectomy (PRK), laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK), phacoemulsification surgery, retinal detachment, eye muscle surgery, corneal transplant and vitrectomy.

Researchers in Germany revealed their newest discovery in the world of ophthalmology. It is the Alpha IMS retinal prosthesis. It is still an ongoing clinical trial but the first round of the trial has been a success.

In Germany, life without glasses is possible



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